Springfield M1A Maintenance Tips

posted on February 9, 2015
springfield_maintenance.jpg

Maintaining the M1A is not especially difficult if you pay close attention to instructions clearly explained in the owner’s manual. If in doubt, simply contact Springfield Armory’s customer service department.

Long ago, I was warned not to separate the barreled action and stock of a National Match, Super Match or M21 for cleaning as doing so can damage the glass bedding and affect accuracy. Washing fouling from the trigger assembly and from around the bolt and inside the receiver with a quick-drying aerosol degreaser will keep the rifle running and won’t damage the bedding when properly applied. Finish the cleanup with a rag and long-handled cotton Q-tips. 

A cleaning rod of the proper size, along with powder and copper solvents, .30-cal. bronze brushes and cotton patches keep the bore clean. A Brownells M14/M1A Rod Guide prevents wear on the rifling when cleaning the barrel from its muzzle. Positioning the rifle upside down during bore cleaning will prevent solvent from migrating into the gas port of the barrel and into the bedding around the receiver. The chamber is easily cleaned with a Ratchet Chamber Brush and Chamber Cleaning Tool from Brownells (brownells.com). The Chamber Maid Kit is also quite good.

Gas system maintenance is a snap. Fully retract the operating rod by locking back the bolt, and, while supporting the gas cylinder with a proper wrench, use a 3/8" socket wrench to remove the plug from the front of the gas cylinder. Tilting the muzzle down and lightly tapping on the side of the cylinder will cause the piston to slide out the front. Scrubbing inside the cylinder with a solvent-laden bore brush on a short rod breaks loose carbon fouling; a cotton patch held in a slotted-type cleaning rod tip swabs it clean and dry. Carbon is easily removed from the gas piston with the Gas Piston Drill from Brownells. An additional No. 26 drill is needed for cleaning out the gas piston port.

The gas system is designed to operate dry, so finish up by thoroughly removing all solvent from the piston and cylinder before putting them back together. When inserting the piston into the cylinder, make sure the flat side of its stem is toward the barrel and it is inserted far enough to clear all the threads inside the cylinder. Applying an anti-seize grease to the threads of the cylinder plug prior to screwing it into the cylinder will ease removal for future cleaning.

The M1A requires very little lubrication. Using a Q-tip to apply a light film of grease to the locking lugs and roller of the bolt, its raceways in the receiver, and the operating guide groove in the side of the receiver should suffice. Lubriplate 130A is as good today as it was when the U.S. Military first specified it for the M14 back in the 1960s.

—Layne Simpson

 

Latest

LLE Leadweb
LLE Leadweb

The L42A1: A Sniper Rifle To Remember

For most of the 20th century, Lee-Enfield rifles were the backbone of the British army. The last British service Lee was the L42A1 sniping rifle. Built on the World War II No.4(T), the reliable and accurate L42A1 was retired in the early 1990s.

The Armed Citizen® July 30, 2021

Read today's "The Armed Citizen" entry for real stories of law-abiding citizens, past and present, who used their firearms to save lives.

NRA Gun of the Week: Uberti USA 1873 Single-Action Cattleman New Model

On this week’s “Gun of the Week” video preview, American Rifleman staff take to the range for a closer look at Uberti USA’s special edition "Teddy" revolver, a replica of Colt's New Model 1873 SAA. 

Kentucky Rifle Raffle to Celebrate the 25th Anniversary of Contemporary Longrifle Association

In celebration of the 25th Anniversary of the Contemporary Longrifle Association, Judson Brenman and sons have made a masterpiece contemporary Kentucky Longrifle for a raffle held by the organization for the occasion.

The ArmaLite Story

The history of ArmaLite is long and tortured, filled with marvelous innovation and crushingly bad timing. Yet, now it looks like its day has finally dawned.

The Immortal Winchester Model 94: From the 19th Into The 21st Century

Since its invention at the end of the 19th century, the Winchester Model 1894 lever-action rifle design has become an iconic American firearm that is still produced and celebrated to this day.

Interests



Subscribe to the NRA American Rifleman newsletter