Throughout World War II the Germans used and developed several variations of sniper optics and rifles that evolved throughout the course of the war.
Without a suitable sniping rifle, and with no training organization in place, the Allies struggled against German snipers early during the Great War. That changed—and then the Americans arrived.
After the American Civil War, repeating rifles and smokeless powder revolutionized shooting. Accurate rifles that didn’t give away a sniper’s position, combined with optical sights, made the stalemate of the Great War’s trenches ideal conditions for the sniper’s work.