After the Great War, Soviet Russia sought to upgrade its military capability—especially when it came to sniping rifles. The result was the scope-sighted, bolt-action Mosin-Nagant, used with deadly effect against the Nazis on the Eastern Front.
Watch this feature segment on the "Guns of August" from a recent episode of American Rifleman TV.
Some American troops fought with guns one would expect in the multi-national mission to Peking, such as the Krag-Jorgensen. But other guns were used during the “Boxer Rebellion” that were a little more unusual, including Gatlings, M1895 Colt machine guns and the short-lived Lee Navy straight pull rifle in .236.
When U.S. forces rushed to stop the North Koreans from overrunning South Korea in 1950, there were almost no American snipers. As the battle lines stabilized, that would change, and the war would become ideal for the employment of well-equipped and well-trained snipers.