Designed by Russian Colonel Sergei Mosin, the Model 1891 rifle’s designation reflects the year of its adoption. And while it employed a magazine system patented by Belgian designer Leon Nagant, in Russia it was simply known as the Model 1891 Mosin.
Watch this feature segment on the "Guns of August" from a recent episode of American Rifleman TV.
After the Great War, Soviet Russia sought to upgrade its military capability—especially when it came to sniping rifles. The result was the scope-sighted, bolt-action Mosin-Nagant, used with deadly effect against the Nazis on the Eastern Front.
Some American troops fought with guns one would expect in the multi-national mission to Peking, such as the Krag-Jorgensen. But other guns were used during the “Boxer Rebellion” that were a little more unusual, including Gatlings, M1895 Colt machine guns and the short-lived Lee Navy straight pull rifle in .236.